Sectionalism in 19th century america introductory page i. Southern politicians and slave owners demanded that slavery be allowed in the west because they feared that a closed door would spell doom for their economy and way of life. Such rapid growthas well as two economic depressions in 1819 and. During this time you see the expansion of nationalism within the united states. The sectionalism was so strong that the election was basically two different ones. To control mississippi river and port of new orleans for farmers. It occurred because of slavery, slave power conspiracy, economic differences and cultural differences. The book launched his lifelong career as an advocate for the enslaved and the. Sectionalism essay during the 1850s, slavery, a southern necessity both socially and economically, threatened the unity of our nation. Sectionalism and the civil war new visions social studies.
Nationalism, sectionalism and expansion 18121860 objectives analyze social and religious conflicts, movements and reforms that. The main cause of sectionalism was slavery because how northerners dont like how southerners dont see the immorality of it. Calhoun of south carolina, daniel webster of massachusetts, and henry clay of kentucky were all respresentatives of the south. In the early 1800s, a growing feel of sectionalism spread across the country. Some of these documents have been edited for the purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of each document and any. In the period from 1815 to 1858, two giant forcesnationalism and sectionalism ostensibly in opposition to each otherprevailed simultaneously in the first half of 19th century america. You can think of sectionalism as one big neighborhood dispute, and the neighborhood was the united states in the mid1800s. It is credited with helping fuel the abolitionist cause in the 1850s. The bestselling novel of the 19th century and the second bestselling book of that century, following the bible. Sectionalism and slavery expansion the principles of early expansion in colonial america were there from the beginning of the nation because both strategical and economical reasons pushed politicians to push westward of the thirteen original colonies. After the war, american nationalism really took off, and authors like washington irving. Westward expansion and the american civil war us history scene. Roads and canals john quincy adams even though the u.
From the first years of the republic under the constitution through the 1850s, america experienced rapid growth and expansion, opening new lands and opportunities for its people, and experiencing a variety of growing pains in the process. Cotton production increases and slavery expands west. An underlying problem that led to the civil war was sectionalism. Trigger events of the civil war american battlefield trust. What was sectionalism in america before the civil war. The different sections at this time were the north and the south. Label the mississippi river draw the missouri compromise line label the state of missouri draw the line that divides the northern. The united states gained considerable territory in the peace treaty that ended the war and the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo. The book launched his lifelong career as an advocate for the. The nation was divided by its interests, attitudes, and overall lifestyles. A series of compromises forestalled the crisis of secession but increasingly divided the country along slaverys lines. Another problem was the institution of slavery, more specifically the expansion of. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the civil war 18501865 and what it means. Religion has played a vital role in american history and has shaped our country into what it is today.
Westward expansion and sectionalism linkedin slideshare. Sectionalism definition is an exaggerated devotion to the interests of a region. From the united states foundation in 1776 through the 1850s, sectionalism gradually brought the country closer to civil war. Sectionalism is loyalty or support of a particular region or section of the nation, rather than the united states as a whole. Origins of sectionalism from colonies into 19th century geographic and ecnomic. To many nineteenth century americans, the expansion of slavery into western. Consisted of 5 bills by henry clay and brokered by clay and stephen douglas.
The issue of slavery dominated national politics, and both sides the north and the south rapidly hardened their opposition or support for the institution. Expansionsectionalism united states labor history research. General burgoyne would push down the lake champlain route from canada. Please note that words in the word bank can be used more than once. Ultimately, the compromise did not resolve the issue of slaverys expansion. Battles emerged over the westward expansion of slavery and over the role of the. The years following the war of 1812 became known as the era of good feelings. The rapid expansion of the united states intensified the issue of slavery as.
It started mainly in the 1816 shortly before monroe took office, and lasted until the end of his presidency in the year of 1824. The union in peril, 18481861 chapter sectionalism propelling the nation into civil war pp 247261 reading assignment. More than a decade after the novel push was published, audiences can learn about the son of pushs heroine, precious. Slavery was particularly sectional issue, dividing the country into north and south to the extent that it led to the civil war. Explain two ways in which sectionalism caused conflict or.
The differences had been existent before but expanded as time passed and eventually concluded the era of good feelings. The most pronounced difference was over the issue of enslaving people with the south staunchly defending the need for slave labor for its agrarian based economy to function. Sectionalism is loyalty to ones own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole. Key names and sectional identitiesrolessectional identity not sexual identity iii. Document based question sectionalism this question is based on the accompanying documents 110.
List and explain the four main reasons historians agree on that propelled the nation into civil war. Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language. Britain and publish a book of verse and subsequently wrote other. Expansion and sectionalism toolkit teaching american history. Available by appointment for classes, research consultations or individual. Northerners focused on fastpaced business and industry, spending their days manufacturing, shipping, and trading goods. Slavery became even more divisive when it threatened to expand westward.
A direct example of this leads to the sudden push for more women. Sectionalism grew increasingly pronounced during the first half of the 19th century as slavery arose as a hotbutton issue. Some of the more severe clashes between differing groups resulting from such issues as slavery, expansion, and internal improvement. Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the union. In the first year after it was published, 300,000 copies of the book were sold in the united states. A book written by harriet beecher stowe, to show the evils of the south and the treatment of slaves to the north. Expansion and reform 18011850 the learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism, nationalism, and sectionalism. Timeline of sectional behavior up to the civil waretc. This book traces the growth of bitter sectional discord in the years after 1848, when the acquisition of new american territories rekindled old controversies over the expansion of slavery. How did the expansion of your nation westward lead to the. Sectionalism the placing of the needs of one section of the nation over the needs of the whole nation. Sectionalism occurs in the united kingdom, most notably in the constituent country of scotland, where various sectionalist. Political, social, and economic challenges confronted american political leaders, in some cases threatening the union. The book affected the north so much that when abraham lincoln met stowe in 1863, he commented, so youre the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war.
In the period from 1815 to 1858, two giant forcesnationalism and sectionalismostensibly in opposition to each otherprevailed simultaneously in the first half of 19th century america. Westward expansion, the 19thcentury movement of settlers into the american west, began with the louisiana purchase and was fueled by the gold rush, the oregon trail and a belief in manifest. Describe these two forces and discuss the geographic, political, constitutional, economic, and diplomatic contrasts of both forces. In this postmissouri context, leaders arose to push the countrys new. At the end of the mexican war during polks term as president, many new lands west of texas were yielded to the united states, and the debate over the westward expansion of slavery was rekindled. Evaluate to what extent this example of the sectionalism was a cause of or led to the american civil war. This question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Southerners defended their way of life by justifying slavery on biblical grounds. Authored by kentucky senator john crittenden whose two sons would become generals on opposite sides of the civil war it was an attempt to resolve the crisis by addressing the concerns that led the states of the lower south. Read the abraham lincoln quote and first paragraph of the chapter on page 247. Sectionalism definition, excessive regard for sectional or local interests. The surge in immigration from 18301860 was chiefly the result of. The west was also a section but this section because it was new did not practice sectionalism. Some points you will be tested on include the time period in.
The crittenden compromise was perhaps the lastditch effort to resolve the secession crisis of 186061 by political negotiation. Class assignment sectionalism change over time activity sheet. In article 1, section 2, for example, the constitution enabled representation in the south. Controversy erupted as to whether the new territories should be save or free.
Sectionalism definition of sectionalism by merriamwebster. The issues that caused sectionalism to develop were. Nat turner interpreted two solar eclipses as instructions from god to begin his. President lincoln was correct that this war would be indeed a great war, a war that would push state against state, the north against the south, and worst of all, brother. Sectionalism was caused by multiple issues at that time. By november 1860, an opponent of slaverys expansion arose from within the. Slavery and sectionalism advanced placement american history. Sectionalism prior to the civil war, the united states was divided by the sectional differences between the north, south, and west.30 311 30 581 1473 1257 124 817 1554 323 1195 1416 1602 47 1219 32 27 964 1219 577 1232 152 1490 459 185 1406 499 1303 1242 599 402 693 1408 865