The process where a gas or liquid change its temperature when it is forced through an expansion valve or capillary tube in an insulated system where no ambient heat transfer. Gea grasso screw compressor product animation duration. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Vapor compression system vapor absorption system the vapor compression cycle is explained in the refrigeration cycle animation video above. Essentially, heat is taken from a body at lower temperature, say the food you want to store in the refrigerated chamber. The points which are required for engineering calculation are from h 1 to h. Well discuss the refrigeration cycle using this cycle diagram. Refrigeration basics ppt video online download slideplayer.
Explains the concepts of heat, temperature, humidity, dewpoint, enthalpy, and simple psychrometrics. For an air conditioning system to operate with economy, the refrigerant must be used repeatedly. Liquids absorb heat when changed from liquid to gas. Mechanical refrigeration works by changing the the majority of heat is removed from the the majority of the works by removedchanging the absorbed heat is state of the refrigerant. The refrigerator in your kitchen uses a cycle that is similar to the one described in the previous section. Refrigeration is used in many different residential, commercial, and industrial applications, ranging from food preservation to air conditioning to liquefaction of gases like oxygen and propane. This is the amount of heat required to turn a liquid into a gas. Refrigeration cycle animation vapor compression cycle explained. Illustration about very basic diagram of the refrigeration cycle found in air conditioning and heat pump systems. Ppt refrigeration cycles powerpoint presentation free. This page includes animations of txvs, evras, akvs, evus, and much more. The main components there are four main components in a refrigeration system.
Want to see what makes each danfoss solenoid valve different. Animatedrefrigerationsystemwithexplanationofcomponents. Air conditioning basic refrigeration cycle gifs find. Step component 1 expansion expansion valve 2 evaporation chiller or evaporation 3 compression gas compressor 4 condensation condenser starting at. Refrigeration basics 101 1 refrigeration basics 101 by eric nelson 2 basics. The highpressure refrigerant flows through a condenserheat exchanger before attaining the initial. Explore the extensive range of danfoss training animations for these answers and more. The condenser of the plant is to be cooled by liquid water, which experiences a temperature rise of 8oc as it flows over the coils of the condenser.
This is what happens to keep the refrigerator cool. Refrigeration fundamentals heatcraft worldwide refrigeration. Simple refrigeration cycle animated refrigeration youtube. The basic refrigeration cycle for beginners if you are interested in learning how a refrigeration system works, it is helpful to understand from the ph pressure enthalpy chart perspective. Concludes with a lesson on the tools and instruments needed for refrigeration servicing and safe work practices. Refrigeration and air conditioning product animations danfoss.
The refrigeration cycle explained in plain english. However, they may expect you to have a much greater indepth. Th movement cooling by the removal of heat the movement of heat from a place where it is notot a ted to a wanted to a. At this stage in the refrigeration cycle, high pressure liquid refrigerant will flow down the liquid line, through a filter drier that is designed to prevent contaminants from flowing through the system, and on to the metering device. Graphics and animation s are used in an attempt to make it easy to understand the concepts involved. How air conditioning works animationpart 2 of 3 heating, chillers, and the economizer cycle.
These cycles are the conceptual and mathematical models for heat pumps and refrigerators. Mechanical refrigeration is accomplished by continuously circulating, evaporating, and condensing a fixed supply of refrigerant in a closed system. Whether you need insights to help you with troubleshooting or just want to learn. Training animations see how products and systems work. This video will help you to understand the basic refrigeration cycles used in refrigeration and air conditioning. The purpose of a refrigerator is the removal of heat, called the cooling load, from a lowtemperature medium. Jun 25, 2003 illustration of the basic refrigeration cycle. Refrigeration basic principle named after two scientists, james prescott joule and william thompson. The problem is how to convey heat from an area of a given temperature to an area of higher temperature. Learning about refrigeration is a never ending process and well understood fundamentals. Ppt refrigeration basics 101 powerpoint presentation. Remember refrigeration cycle diagram will always have the same basic components compressor, condenser, expansion device, evaporator, and refrigerant tube. The vapor compression refrigeration cycle involves four components.
Fluid is any substance that can flow, liquid or gas. Jul 7, 2014 mechanical refrigeration is accomplished by continuously circulating, evaporating, and condensing a fixed supply of refrigerant in a closed system. If you drive regularly, you need to know the basics of auto repair. Feel free to copy this refrigeration cycle diagram and print it out. In the following example, we will assume that the refrigerant being used is pure ammonia, which boils at 27 degrees f. Watch the video or read below to learn the basics of refrigeration, familiarize yourself with a refrigerators main components, and discover what happens to refrigerant as it moves throughout the refrigerator system.
This video is an animation of how the refrigeration cycle works, with each components function. Introduces the basic concepts needed for an understanding of refrigeration. By far the most common method of refrigeration is the vaporcompression refrigeration cycle a. The compressor the condensing coil the metering device the evaporator 3. Bitzer products are renowned for their efficiency, operating reliability and low life cycle costs in numerous industrial refrigeration applications.
An overview of the basic refrigeration cycle duration. Basic refrigeration cycle nina sri maulani 121624023 tptu 2012 2. For example, refrigeration compressors from bitzer are used in lowtemperature storage at chain stores, help to flashfreeze foods and make it possible to manufacture and store essential medication. First of all, did you know that there is no such thing as cold.
When refrigerant absorbs the unwanted heat, this raises the refrigerants temperature saturation. Ideal basic refrigeration cycle the ideal basic refrigeration cycle consists of four components, connected by piping with refrigerant flowing through the system. My name is joe jones, and today we will cover refrigeration basics including some fundamental definitions and terminology. Zubair latif comsats institute of information technology, lahore 2. Refrigeration basic principle applies on all system whether its the smallest water cooler to largest walkin freezer that ever built. Need an easy way to show customers how their refrigeration and air conditioning systems work. May 05, 2016 an overview of the basic refrigeration cycle duration. Refrigeration and air conditioning product animations. The science behind refrigeration berg chilling systems inc. These components may be in difference shape, capacity and size, but it does the same thing.
Training animations see how products and systems work danfoss. Compressor basic refrigeration cycle evaporator condenser receiver expansion device. Take a look inside our refrigeration and air conditioning products and see what makes them tick. The basic refrigeration cycle explained below involves the following components and respective functions. The danfoss product range for the refrigeration and air conditioning industry. Part 1 this section explains in basic terms the principles that are used to create the refrigeration effect. This procedure is called a throttling process or joulethomson. Thermodynamics of the refrigeration cycle basic knowledge thermodynamics of the refrigeration cycle h 1 h 4 cop h 2 h 1 name fc r4a fc r404a fc r407a nh 3 r717 isobutane r600a co 2 r744 boiling temperature ts 26c ts 47. Ppt refrigeration basics 101 powerpoint presentation free. Learning about refrigeration is a never ending process and well understood fundamentals make learning more advanced concepts much easier. Ts 78c pure substance mixture mixture pure substance pure. For this reason, all air conditioners use the same cycle of compression, condensation. Vapor compression refrigeration system basic, working. The danfoss product range for the refrigeration and air.
Basics refrigeration is the removal of heat from a material or space, so that its. It is a compression process, whose aim is to raise the refrigerant pressure, as it flows from an evaporator. This cogitation is to base on idea simple cycle with no losses. Gases give off heat when changed from gas to liquid. Refrigeration vaporcompression cycle online training. Back to basics whether youre new to refrigeration or just want to brush up on your basics, the following information may be useful. The illustration above is a consumers understanding of refrigeration. Refrigeration cycles are the conceptual and mathematical models for heat pumps and. Ppt refrigeration cycles powerpoint presentation free to. Basic refrigeration cycle is also called as thermodynamic heat pump cycles. Basic refrigeration cycle scientific video and animation site. Learn refrigeration cycle with free interactive flashcards. This section explains in basic terms the principles that are used to create the refrigeration effect. The above figure shows the objectives of refrigerators and heat pumps.
You can describe something as cold and everyone will. Freon gas or the refrigerant absorbs heat inside the area to be cooled in the evaporator unit and transfers that heat to the refrigerators condenser at exterior. Evaporation occurs at a low temperature and low pressure while condensation occurs at a high temperature and high pressure. Jun 16, 2017 basic refrigerator principle is reverse carnot cycle. Learn about the different stages of operation, the mechanics at play, and the resulting impact. Understanding the basic refrigeration cycle diagram also helps us to find subcooled, superheat and to troubleshoot refrigeration processes much easier. Watch the video or read below to learn the basics of refrigeration, familiarize. Topics and details covered in this hvac training course greatly assist in refrigerator and ac maintenance and repair. The refrigeration cycle is a critical component of hvac systems and is governed by the principles of thermodynamics. Refrigeration cycles the vapor compression refrigeration cycle is a common method for transferring heat from a low temperature to a high temperature. Basic refrigeration cycle scientific video and animation. Service and support documentation downloads case studies fix and. It is also used in domestic and commercial refrigerators, largescale.
We will try to do this in the same easy to understand fashion using pictures, animation s and interactive objects where possible. Two different pressures exist in the refrigeration cycle. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Refrigerant may be classified as fluid, since, within the refrigeration cycle, it exists both as a liquid and as a vapor or gas. Basic principles most of us have some ideas concerning the purpose of refrigeration and what refrigeration does. Sep 10, 2016 the refrigeration cycle is a critical component of hvac systems and is governed by the principles of thermodynamics. Graphics and animations are used in an attempt to make it easy to understand the concepts involved. Animated refrigeration system with explanation of components. Yeah, it seems complicated at first, but it will be easier to understand. Case1 the basics of refrigeration cycle ph diagram analysis. Refrigeration cycle animation vapor compression cycle. Your customers may not need to go beyond this simple understanding of refrigeration. The four step and their corresponding equipment are shown in the table below. Gain a complete understanding of the refrigeration cycle and air conditioning cycle as well as air conditioning basics in this refrigeration course.
Basic refrigeration system fundamentals fluids and pressure. Saturation curve this curve represents what state vapor or liquid and region subcooled, latent heat, and superheat the refrigerant is in. This is often measured at the liquids boiling point. Vapor compression refrigeration system basic, working, parts of system, advantages, and disadvantages introduction. A refrigeration system consists of four basic components, each of which performs one function of a fourstep refrigeration cycle. The vapor compression refrigeration cycle, step by step. Mechanical refrigeration works by changing the the majority of. Before we dive in, lets get an understanding of four key concepts. Refrigeration is the removal of heat from a material or space, so that its temperature is lower than that of its surroundings. Figure 15 refrigeration cycle on the ph diagram take the structure image of this refrigeration cycle from figure 15, it becomes the ph diagram for engineering calculation as shown in figure 16.
Choose from 78 different sets of refrigeration cycle flashcards on quizlet. This video is an animation of how the refrigeration cycle works, with. If we understand how the refrigeration cycle works, well understand how any air conditioner works. Vaporcompression refrigeration, in which the refrigerant undergoes phase changes, is one of the many refrigeration cycles and is the most widely used method for airconditioning of buildings and automobiles. Search, discover and share your favorite air conditioning basic refrigeration cycle gifs. You should now have a general idea of what refrigeration is and how it is accomplished. Discover how the refrigeration cycle keeps your produce fresh, and your beverages frosty. Refrigeration basic principle refrigeration evaporators. See more ideas about refrigeration and air conditioning, hvac maintenance and air conditioning system.462 110 357 220 370 24 40 408 943 805 714 932 1554 1024 530 622 247 1609 1018 963 691 182 1080 135 90 1351 1081 1340 1544 50 504 885 655 1483 1530 1431 1 124 1333 743 1209 1327 134 778 719 17 1272 1231 1476 498